Diabetes - Causes and Treatment

Diabetes - Causes and Treatment

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Diabetes (the Diabetes mellitus) is a metabolic disorder which in all cases leads to increased excretion of glucose in the urine, but can have very different causes - overeating, obesity, the formation of certain antibodies or diseases of the pancreas.

In the past, a diabetes disease that already occurred in children was called juvenile diabetes, that is, it occurs in adolescence, from the age-old diabetes that predominantly occurs in older people. Today these two forms are referred to as type 1 or type 2 diabetes, because type 1 diabetes can basically occur at any age, and the patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have become increasingly younger in recent years.

The cause of type 1 or 2 diabetes is fundamentally different:

  • Type 1 diabetes is an often hereditary autoimmune disease and affects around 5% of all diabetics. This form of diabetes can occur at any age, but in most cases it already shows up in childhood or adolescence.
  • Type 2 diabetes is diet-related, is more likely to occur in adults and is significantly more common with 90% of all diabetes cases. Around 350,000 people develop type 2 diabetes in Germany every year, including more and more children and adolescents. Unhealthy eating habits and a lack of exercise are the main causes of this trend - around 8% of children in Germany are now classified as obese, at least 20% of children are overweight - and these numbers are increasing in line with the number of young type 2 diabetics.

In addition to type 1 or 2 diabetes, there are some other forms of diabetes that are responsible for the remaining 5% of diseases. These include, for example, type 1 diabetesLADA1) or pregnancy diabetes, which often turns into type 2 diabetes.